Thursday, June 16, 2011

Quilapayún "La Cantata de Santa María de Iquique" Miners' Massacre 1907 in Chile Set To Music & الأنشودة سانتا ماريا دي ايكيكه

A 100 años de la Matanza de la Escuela Santa María de Iquique cometida en Chile el 21 de diciembre de 1907, El Chonchón (grupo de teatro de muñecos animados) convoca a Tres Tigres Teatro y a otros artistas del medio para llevar a cabo una puesta de teatro de títeres en homenaje a los obreros caídos durante aquellas jornadas de lucha.
La obra, basada en la Cantata de Santa María de Iquique –compuesta por Luis Advis y conocida por la interpretación del grupo Quilapayún–, conjuga teatro de títeres, actuación y música en vivo. Con la necesidad de contar una historia de nuestra historia latinoamericana. Apostando a la recuperación de la memoria como cimiento del presente y del futuro; desde el arte como herramienta, punto de encuentro y modo de lucha.

100 Years since the  Killing / Massacre at Santa Maria de Iquique School committed in Chile on December 21, 1907, The Chonchon (group of animated puppet theater) Three Tigers Theatre invites artists and other means to carry out a set of puppet show in tribute to the workers who died during those days of struggle.
The play, based on Cantata Santa de Iquique by Quilapayun & Luis Advis ( 1968).

The massacre of miners in Chile who had gone on strike for better working conditions and wages is in many ways typical of the way miners have been treated over the last two centuries in Chile and Latin America and North America and Europe.
The US and Canada and Britain for all their talk of human rights and assurances that our society is civilized and respects the individual and the community as it were .
This is more often than not mere cant to quiet the masses so the rich and powerful can do as they wish backed by the Middle Class Bourgeoisie who ignore the plight of those who are involved in physical labor whom the Bourgeoisie characterize as beneath them and mere tools to be used to increase profits and the wealth of those in power.
Of course these lower class unskilled worker when necessary are sent off to wars fought for the most part between members of the ruling classes in one nation against those in another.
Those of the lower classes are merely worker/drones or mere cannon fodder.

The miners were treated as slaves who had no other option but to work in the mines or starve.

Chile : 1907 Santa María de Iquique massacre at

By Daniela Estrada MORE BY THIS AUTHOR
SANTIAGO, Chile, Dec. 8, 2007 (IPS/GIN) -- One hundred years ago on Dec. 21, the Chilean government ordered its military to massacre thousands of striking workers from the then-flourishing saltpeter industry in northern Chile.
To prepare for this year’s commemoration of the massacre, a national coordinating committee made up of more than 70 public figures and institutions was created in January 2007.
"The mass killing was a shameful thing that Chile covered up for a very long time," said Juan Manuel Díaz, an international relations officer for the United Federation of Workers, the country’s largest trade union.
But the “massacre of the Santa María de Iquique school” became widely known in Chile and abroad thanks to the well-known Cantata of Santa María de Iquique, which was composed in 1969 by the late Luis Advis and recorded in 1970 by Quilapayún, a folk music group belonging to the Chilean New Song movement.
"Today, what happened there is part of our national, archetypal, collective memory," said Chilean historian Sergio Grez, the author of many books and articles on Chilean social history.
In early December 1907, thousands of dockhands in the northern port of Iquique, who were mainly handling saltpeter, went on strike to demand better working conditions.
Over the next few days, thousands of workers for the saltpeter companies in the Atacama desert flats, which were controlled by Chilean and foreign (mainly British) capital, came down to Iquique to join the strike.
With the list of their demands in hand, the strikers tried to negotiate with the company bosses, who insisted that the laborers go back to work as a precondition to negotiations.
The government of then-president Pedro Montt initially acted as a mediator in the conflict. But as the workers’ strike grew, the authorities decided that the 5,000 workers occupying the Santa María school and the 2,000 who had taken over the Manuel Montt plaza posed a threat to public security and public health.
When the workers refused to move elsewhere, Mayor Carlos Eastman, the local government representative, was urged by Interior Minister Rafael Sotomayor to order their removal from the premises by any means necessary.
On Dec. 21, 1907, at 3:45 p.m., Gen. Roberto Silva Renard gave the order to open fire with machine guns on the Chilean, Bolivian, Peruvian and Argentine strikers occupying the Santa María school.
In his cantata, Advis refers to 3,600 dead, but Grez said there is no documentary evidence for this figure. "It is estimated that there may have been 1,000 people killed or wounded. The maximum possible number of dead would have been 2,000," the historian said.
The Iquique strike was less of an immediate threat than an incident that risked making the government and employers look weak, said Grez in an article titled "La guerra preventiva. Escuela Santa María de Iquique. Las razones del poder" (roughly translated as “Pre-Emptive War: The Santa María de Iquique School -- The Rationale of the Powerful”). 
"The massacre of unarmed civilians perpetrated at the Santa María school in Iquique was a pre-emptive act of war against an internal enemy," Grez said. In the view of the authorities, the strikers were dangerous, "not because of what they had done, but because of what they might do."

The Iquique killings came at the height of a spiral of massacres of workers unleashed by the Chilean state in 1903. Their result was to accelerate the design and implementation of policies to improve workers’ living and working conditions.
Grez and trade unionist Díaz see a number of shared characteristics between the Chile of 1907 and that of today.
"Both are periods of economic boom. Now, as 100 years ago, the state and the ruling class have enormous wealth -- then, because of the saltpeter exports, and today because of exports of copper and other natural resources," Díaz said.
"The gap between rich and poor is huge, in both cases," he said.
There has also been a revival of the trade union movement, which has held several strikes and demonstrations for better employment conditions this year, in the context of its rejection of the inequality of income distribution in the country.
In order to deal with these demands, President Michelle Bachelet formed a think tank in August with 48 members, most of them technical experts, which is supposed to report its proposals on "work and equity" to her in March 2008.

"Yesterday’s struggles are the same as today’s," the United Federation of Workers leader said.
According to Díaz, over the course of this year more than 300 initiatives related to the massacre, including exhibitions, trade union meetings and academic conferences, have taken place in Chile and in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, France, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Portugal and Spain.
and in Arabic :

الثلاثاء 7 أغسطس 2007

الأنشودة سانتا ماريا دي ايكيكه Quilapayón

في النسخة الفرنسية ، ولكن ما حصل لي. قصص ليست قصيرة من جان لوي بارو.

1.Pregón (لويس Advis)
2.Preludio مفيدة (لويس Advis)
3.Relato الأول (لويس Advis)
4.Canción الأول (لويس Advis)
أنا 5.Interludio مفيدة (لويس Advis)
6.Relato الثاني (لويس Advis)
7.Canción الثاني (لويس Advis)
8.Interludio الثاني مفيدة (لويس Advis)
9.Relato الثالث (لويس Advis)
10.Interludio سونغ (لويس Advis)
11.Relato الرابع (لويس Advis)
12.Canción الثالث (لويس Advis)
فعال 13.Interludio الثالث (لويس Advis)
14.Relato الخامس (لويس Advis)
15.Canción الدعاء (لويس Advis)
16.Canción الرابع (لويس Advis)
17.Canción البكاء (لويس Advis)
18.Canción النهائي (لويس Advis)

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